Crafty Queens

~ by Santo Donia, Michael Binni and Chiwei Tai

The Crafty Queens, Lauren and Elaina, returned to ArtsFest forThe Children and Youth Sidewalk Sale for their second year. The two teens sell polymer clay objects and sewn toys, donating some of their earnings to charity. “My favorite part is seeing people’s faces,” Lauren said.

AMO: To stay or to go?

~ by Justin Korman

One of the biggest indicators of tropical storms may be undergoing a radical change.

The Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation, or AMO, is a climate cycle that indicates sea surface temperature in the Atlantic Ocean. It has been used since its identification in 1994 to predict ocean temperatures, and in turn, to help meteorologists forecast the number of heavy storms in U.S. coastal regions on a yearly basis.

Meteorologist and hurricane expert Dan Kottlowski stresses that ocean temperature has a huge effect on tropical storms. (Photo by Joey Clark)

The AMO is recognized to shift according to a 20- to 40-year cycle. This means ocean temperatures will stay constant for a multi-decade period, shift either warmer or colder for a likewise timeframe, then shift back to the original temperatures.

“We are in the middle of a warm phase,” said Dan Kottlowski, AccuWeather Hurricane Expert.

The Atlantic is currently in its 22nd year of a warm temperature period. Conventional wisdom would dictate those temperatures are due to drop in the next two decades, but Kottlowski isn’t so sure.

Kottlowski, a senior hurricane forecaster at State College-based AccuWeather, believes that the current AMO cycle of predicting ocean temperatures could potentially be irrelevant in the future as global temperatures rise. (Photo by Joey Clark)

“Suppose there’s so much warming in the oceans that we aren’t going to go back into the cold phase of the AMO,” Kottlowski said.

He cited multiple variables, including increased CO2 pollution in the atmosphere as being responsible for a general warming of ocean waters, and having the potential to interrupt a regular AMO cycle – and keep the oceans warm indefinitely.

Kottlowski speculates the AMO cycle may become obsolete but that a definite answer won’t be apparent for up to 20 more years, when the current cycle would, hypothetically, fail to shift.

“If that’s the case, there will never be an AMO,” Kottlowski said. “The AMO will be irrelevant.”

However, not everyone is convinced the oceans will stay warm forever. Numerous projections — most notably by oceanographers Gerard McCarthy, of the National Oceanography Centre, and Ivan Haigh, of the University of Southampton — predict a phase change will occur as normal, in as early as 2020. But what if the oceans do stay warm?

Some meteorologists disagree with Kottlowski’s hypothesis about the future of the AMO cycle. (Photo by Joey Clark)

“Most scientists believe that is going to cause more extreme weather,” Kottlowski said.

He predicted “plenty of thunderstorms” and “a lot more hurricanes” if the current temperature pattern becomes the status quo.

The debate over the future of the AMO will rage on for years, and until data conclusively proves one theory or another, history indicates that no forecast is a certainty. To judge a long-term meteorological forecast on its accuracy, Kottlowski offers a method that underscores the unpredictability of weather patterns.

“If you’ve got a coin, flip it.”

To Tutu or not to Tutu

 ~ by Braedyn Speight

Some girls enjoy playing dress up with tutus, but one young girl at this year’s Central Pennsylvania Festival of the Arts creates tutus.

Sophia Seidel is a first-timer at Arts Fest since she just turned 8, which is the youngest age a child can display artwork.

Sophia Seidel helps a customer at her Arts Fest booth. (Photo by Braedyn Speight)

“I don’t like wearing the tutus,” said Sophia when asked whether she wore her pieces of art in public.

Her mother, Xiahong, thought of multiple ideas for Sophia to present at Arts Fest to give her an outlet for creativity. Sophia looked through them and the tutus caught her eye immediately. Despite not wanting to wear the whimsical creations, Sophia finds delight in choosing the colors for each tutu.

“She chooses all the colors and sometimes will draw something colorful,” Xiahong said.

Sophia’s favorite rainbow tutu is on display at her booth. (Photo by Braedyn Speight)

Sophia’s eyes lit up when talking about her favorite tutu — the rainbow — as she proudly showed off the sign she made for the booth.

It was a family affair at the booth during the Arts Fest. Sophia’s family members were supportive and helpful with managing the booth. Her little sister joined her to help organize the table. When Sophia and her mother stepped away for a moment to take a break, her father and brother were right there ready to take over for the time being.

The colorful sign that Sophia created to advertise her tutus. (Photo by Braedyn Speight)

Sophia’s parents help her buy the materials needed online and motivate her. They purchase the top part of the tutus on Ebay and the tulle from another website. Then, Sophia knots the tulle around the stretchy top portion of the tutu.

“We try to help her out as much as possible without doing it for her,” said her father, Sam.

They want her to learn how to perfect her craft while instilling good values about the rewards of hard work and dedication, so those traits will follow her.

“We want her to be able to say, ‘that is easy. I can do it!’ ” said Xiahong, mentioning her daughter’s excitement to tackle the tutu-making project, which took about a month. She started a few weeks before the end of the school year.

Another one of Sophia’s creations — tulle pom-poms. (Photo by Braedyn Speight)

It is a difficult task to start and takes extreme determination and focus — two characteristics of which she has a great deal, despite her young age.

There is no question Sophia’s parents expect a bright future for their daughter, whether it is making tutus or venturing down other creative paths.

Not a normal Niño: How El Niño may cause severe weather

~ by Mareena Emran

The ENSO, or El Niño Southern Oscillation, has a substantial role in the nation’s summer weather outlook year after year. El Niño is the warming of ocean temperatures for a short duration of time.

In the past several months, however, there may be an unexpected delay in the onset of El Niño that could trigger severe weather patterns by producing more tropical weather, according to AccuWeather.

El Niño and La Nina temperature changes vary from year to year, senior hurricane forecaster Dan Kottlowski explains. (Photo by Mareena Emran)

“El Niño is part of a routine fluctuation in sea surface temperatures over the tropical Pacific,” according to a press release from AccuWeather.

The warming phenomenon can last a few months to two years, but can be disrupted by factors such as global warming and changes in ocean currents. Although El Niño is usually the most predominant temperature changing occurrence in the Equatorial Pacific, La Nina episodes can kick in, causing periods of below average ocean temperatures.

Accuweather offers Facebook Live coverage on top trending stories and severe weather such as hurricanes. (Photo by Mareena Emran)

This year, Dan Kottlowski, an AccuWeather senior hurricane forecaster, said the ENSO is currently in a neutral phase, meaning the balance of ocean temperatures have been thrown off. This could mean potentially more severe weather near the United States coastline due to an increase in more tropical storms and hurricanes.

“On average, the Atlantic Basin sea surface temperatures have been running warmer than normal since 1995,” Kottlowski said. “This is mostly due to positive AMO (Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation), and we are in the 22nd year of the positive AMO phase.”

Kottlowski explains the behavior of El Nino on a graph. (Photo by Mareena Emran)

An AMO is a prolonged warmer ocean temperature cycle that is said to strengthen summer rainfall in parts of the U.S., Asia and the Sahel in Africa. This cycle can produce record-breaking rainfall and more turbulence in the Gulf area near Texas and Florida. Because the El Niño warming and AMO work simultaneously, the country is expected to see potential hurricane weather until the end of November.

La Nina can be described as the complete opposite of the El Niño occurrence.

Video Coverage of hurricanes and other tropical storms are broadcasted on the Accuweather channel. (Photo by Mareena Emran)

“We look at it over a period of three months,” Kottlowski said. “Consistently, the temperature has to be about five degrees Celsius or lower.”

The last time La Nina affected the U.S. was around 2011, but El Niño has been a predominant factor in the ocean’s temperature since then.

With El Niño recently being neutralized, the country can expect nothing less than thunderstorms and sun showers this summer. Although, depending on weather patterns, there may be a risk for impacts across the region.

AccuWeather Makes News New

 

~ by Fiona Selden

 AccuWeather is sending information straight to its audience and making it faster and more interactive.

Outside the broadcast room, editors post live broadcasts to Facebook, while reporters give the weather forecast. AccuWeather instantly notifies its Twitter followers if a broadcast is about to go live. The organization also works to only notify followers who live in the region affected by breaking weather news.

AccuWeather’s headquarters in State College, Pennsylvania. (Photo by Fiona Selden)

In addition to making information more accessible, AccuWeather assigns a team of digital editors to create video packages for the Internet. Video packages are made using viral videos and key facts about a subject to quickly inform and entertain viewers.

These videos are one minute in length so that they are fast and efficient in teaching and engaging the viewer. For example, one video gives directions on how to create an ice bubble.

AccuWeather carefully tracks viewership and engagement on its various platforms. It is able to be determined which stories and activities are most popular by studying how many views or likes each receives.

Those who attend meetings may also propose designs for interactive activities including surveys and quizzes in order to engage people who visit their website.

“Regular meetings are held to pitch ideas based around these statistics,” Digital Content Manager Meghan Mussoline said. “Other ideas may come from upcoming or breaking news and our competition.”

AccuWeather offers unique insight on the life of storm chasers

~ by Andre Magaro and Emilio Nunez

In between AccuWeather’s variety of videos — from viral content from the community to professional reports about currents events — is storm chasing videos.

Recorded by professionals, storm chasing videos offer a unique approach to capturing severe weather from an extremely close prospective. The aforementioned professionals, referred to as storm chasers, make numerous sacrifices to grant AccuWeather with more creative content for its viewers.

AccuWeather staff members showcase several videos from their webpage.

AccuWeather’s current designated storm chaser is Reed Timmer. Timmer previously worked on a TV show called “Storm Chasers,” in which he appropriately documented his various experiences hunting storms.

“Storm Chasers” no longer airs new episodes, but Timmer now contributes his footage to AccuWeather full-time.

Lincoln Riddle, a video producer at the company, said storm chasing requires a flexible schedule, as severe weather may form at a moment’s notice in any given location.

“In fact, Timmer lives in his car rather than an apartment” due to the extensive amount of time he spends on the road, Riddle said.

AccuWeather is a national weather forecasting company and new site based in State College, Pennsylvania. But the company has employees across the U.S., including storm chasers to get close to the action.

When he is not patrolling in his own vehicle, he is known for damaging several rental cars in immense downpours of hail.

The constant pursuit for violent weather also gives storm chasers a lack of time to edit their work. They often submit the raw footage to the station for producers such as Riddle to refine into the minute-long clips that are published on the website.

“Occasionally, Reed stops by,” Riddle said. “But often, he lacks the time to do so.”

Emily’s Art

~ by Emily Zou  and Angel Zheng

The Children and Youth Sidewalk Sale of the Central Pennsylvania Festival of the Arts took place on Wednesday, July 12 and featured many talented young people sharing and selling their art. Emily Wolfe, one of the participants, shared her experiences during the event and some of the challenges she faces as an artist. Wolfe has been doing art for around seven years, and this is her first time selling her works at the Arts Festival.

El Niño: What AccuWeather didn’t see coming

~ by Amirah Johnson & Erykah Joseph

The 2017 Atlantic hurricane forecast initially predicted there would be a limited development of storms during this year’s hurricane season.

However, AccuWeather has since updated its prediction due to a change in El Niño’s pattern.

Dan Kottlowski giving a presentation on the 2017 hurricane season. (Photo by Amirah Johnson)

El Nino, according to AccuWeather, is described by ocean water temperatures in the Pacific being warmer than normal and causing strong westerly winds in the tropical Atlantic.

“Simply put, it creates more shear,” AccuWeather meteorologist Dan Kottlowski said.

“The upper-level winds dip down in the tropics and get more of a tilting of the clouds,” the Purdue University graduate said. “This leaves less opportunity for tropical systems to develop.”

In simpler terms, the difference in wind speed and/or direction can cause cooler than normal temperatures, which is referred to as La Nina or it can cause warmer than normal temperatures, which is known as El Niño.

AccuWeather meteorologists believed that since some sea surface temperatures were closer to normal, there would be approximately 10 named storms.

Compared to last season, the original prediction at the beginning of this summer was five less hurricanes than the previous year. However, with new data, meteorologists were shown otherwise.

El Niño’s effects, causes and benefits

El Niño is like a control panel that directs weather patterns all over the world.

Typically, El Niño impacts the Southeastern part of the United States and the tropics during winter, because the gulf coast seems cooler and wetter.

This television screens track the current storms and weather patterns moving from place to place. (Photo by Amirah Johnson)

“From 1886 to this year, Florida has been hit 111 times and Texas has been hit 52 times,” Kottlowski said.

There is a stronger influence on the subtropical jet stream — a belt of strong upper-level winds above regions of subtropical high pressure.

Storm tracks then tend to move toward the south, producing more clouds, rain and severe weather. Water temperature plays a key role in signifying possible hurricanes and storms.

“Deep, warmer-than-average water over the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea could support at least one high-impact hurricane for the U.S.,” Kottlowski said. “Perhaps as strong as (hurricane) Joaquin in 2015 and Matthew in 2016.”

Despite all of these negative effects of El Niño, it does however bring above average precipitation to Florida which reduces the risk of wildfires and higher risks of flooding.

Also, due to increased vertical-wind sheer, hurricane activity in the Atlantic has halted.

Based on Kottlowski and AccuWeather’s work, residents in the southeastern part of the United States should stay updated and logically prepare themselves.

AccuWeather delivers the full package

~ by Meredith Bushman and Sydney Sterling

The general public might not be aware of all the work that goes into a news broadcast for the news to be able to appear on their screens everyday.

Meteorologist Brittany Boyer smiles while preparing for her next segment at the AccuWeather Station on Thursday, July 13, 2017. (Photo by Meredith Bushman)

Local on-air meteorologist and Penn State graduate Brittany Boyer said meteorologists do not use a script or a teleprompter like most news anchors. Instead, they take about 10 minutes to review the weather and come up with an entertaining way to portray it. Boyer also uses a touch-screen weather map where she can zoom in and out to show the audience a closer view of the weather.

One of the most challenging parts of Boyers’ job is having a time limit for each report. For each segment, she fits all of her latest weather updates into the set time.

Graphics are displayed on teleprompters for broadcasters during their segments. (Photo by Meredith Bushman)

In the newsroom, AccuWeather video producer Taliya Riesterer gave insight on creating these video packages. They use the software Adobe Premiere to edit videos before they air. Riesterer said on average, it usually takes three to four hours to compose a video. However, the longest it has taken is eight hours.

Video packaging is combining clips, interviews and other pieces of visual media that are put together to quickly convey news to viewers. AccuWeather uses three different kinds of video packages — viral, social and news.

Viral videos are the videos that rapidly gain popularity and are quickly spread all over the internet. They’re viewed on most social media platforms and are typically short. These differ slightly from social videos, which are designed to be featured on social media platforms such as Facebook, Instagram and Twitter.

Studio lights hang above the broadcast studio at the AccuWeather Station on Thursday, July 13, 2017. (Photo by Meredith Bushman)

But unlike viral videos, these contain images with text and no audio except for background music. While they are also share similarities with news videos, there are still many differences.

News videos are reports that inform the viewers of the video about a current event. They are composed mainly of interviews from people who witnessed the event or were affected by it. Facts related to the event are also embedded; however, text in theses videos is not a constant, and the audio comes from on the scene or interviews.

The footage for videos can be taken by on-scene reporters or can be provided by other sources. Many are even videos that were uploaded on Instagram by users.

AccuWeather Internet Content

~ by Chi-wei Tai

Meghan Mussoline is the digital content manager at AccuWeather. She describes AccuWeather’s use of social media platforms such as Twitter and Facebook. AccuWeather also uses Google Analytics to breakdown demographic trends of their online material.

The Impacts of No El Niño 

~ by Angel Zheng and Emily Zou

Experts predict the chance of a potential El Niño may be limited during the most active part of the hurricane season, lasting from August to October.

El Niño is a natural phenomenon and features a complex series of climatic changes impacting the equatorial Pacific region, characterized by unusually warm and nutrient-poor water off northern Peru and Ecuador.

With no El Niño pattern, the hurricane season could last longer into November. Recent computer forecasts show tropical storm and hurricane developments will become more favorable during the coming season.

AccuWeather meteorologists forecast an above-average number of hurricanes in 2017. There is possibility this season will be more active than last year.

Climate model trends suggest the impacts will mainly hit the area stretching from the lower Texas coast to the Florida coast.

The consequences of a more-active hurricane season can be devastating. However, people can take precautions to reduce the potential destructions.

“People should have a plan as usual,” said Dan Kottlowski, a senior hurricane forecaster at AccuWeather. “It’s even more important in a situation like this.”

Kottlowski advised people to gather the supplies they would need in case of a disaster.

According the National Weather Service, people should put together a basic emergency kit that includes equipment such as flashlights, generators and storm shutters. In addition, it is vital for them to understand the vulnerability of their homes from storm surges, flooding, and wind.

Before an emergency, people should discuss how they will stay in contact with each other, where they will go, and what actions they would take in an emergency. Furthermore, it is recommended for people to review their insurance policies to make sure they have adequate coverage for their houses and personal properties.

Find more weather preparedness information at weather.gov.

Know your audience

~ by Santo Donia

AccuWeather’s Meghan Mussoline has a trick to help her journalists provide the most relevant stories for the online publication.

Those subscribed to any of the AccuWeather media accounts are greeted daily with content that is both informative, as well as topical. Most of the published media caters to a feature story or coincides with an ongoing weather pattern for that day. Liberties are occasionally taken by the staff to supply the audience with more diverse and intriguing stories.

One of the main resources Mussoline tries to rely on is the data provided by Google Analytics. This service entails a multitude of statistics collected whenever a user enters the site. Age, gender, region and other search history details are collected. The data is then used to help create successful stories for the AccuWeather website.

“We can track which content is doing well,” said Mussoline, who is AccuWeather’s digital content manager. “We can look at things like what sources are coming to our site, (such as) where people are coming from.”

This allows the journalists at AccuWeather to gain an edge over their competitors by incorporating stories and content that will most likely draw more traction. From the Google analytical results, the AccuWeather team can determine the proper connection with their intended audience.

In recent years, Mussoline shared that “(the) content posted onto social media is directed more toward a younger demographic.”

The AccuWeather television channel, meanwhile, has continuously been supported by a mostly middle-aged male population, according to Mussoline. She believes that the work done through Google analytics has helped improve site traffic and enforce a wide variety of stories to be covered by the staff.

In using content that is most likely to entertain a younger demographic, the AccuWeather website takes on its own look, while making sure to not alienate older users. Interactive charts, daily polls, short infographic videos and keyword driven headlines are the results of Google analytical research.

Thanks to this research, Mussoline said that an article or piece of media can reach “500 to 3,000 people.”

The future of journalism lies within the ever expanding reach of multimedia. Mussolini and her crew of journalists have gained the upper hand by assimilating raw, analytical data to influence their daily routines. Each story is crafted by the very audience that it is intended for.

With each click and like, AccuWeather is able to see a resounding trail that helps target the proper audience.

A Digital News Approach for AccuWeather

~ by Kate Eliou

 

In the age of evolving media, AccuWeather must change too.

Based in State College, the company utilizes social media platforms so its message and videos reach a mass audience. But its video content varies quite a bit.

The content ranges from more serious breaking news stories, to storm chasing videos to lighthearted and easy-to-share videos meant for Facebook. AccuWeather also produces more standard news packages.

Digital video producer Lincoln Riddle explained the complexities and fast-paced nature of his job and schedule for the different types of media that he creates.

“Every day is different,” Riddle said. “There is truly never a dull moment.”

A weather board at AccuWeather. (Photo by Kate Eliou)

Among the videos AccuWeather produces is the trending or “social” features. These are the videos typically found on a Facebook feed, with pleasant music in the background and closed captions. They often depict an easily sharable story about something out-of-the-ordinary.

Current videos on AccuWeather’s website include a story on glowing algae, a clip of fire ants using each other as a human chain and a short piece on why people celebrate the Fourth of July with fireworks. Each of these is only one minute to maximize viewers’ attention as they scroll. These quick and informational videos are easy ways for word to reach the public in the simplest way possible.

Another type of video the organization produces is called “Ready.” This series is just a few months old, and it provides information on how to prepare before and during intense weather or disasters. Through these videos, viewers can learn which areas are more prone to certain weather phenomenon and how to properly handle them. Some are guides on what to do to make a home hurricane or tornado-ready.

A broadcast camera at AccuWeather. (Photo by Kate Eliou)

Taking on a more serious topic than social features, AccuWeather “Ready” alerts the public less to imminent weather and more toward ensuring the public’s safety through spreading weather preparedness.

Of course, AccuWeather also produces news packages that describe the weather at hand. These videos, separate from live streaming, are filmed and updated regularly to keep up with change patterns in areas all across the country and even some international spots. The reporters in these videos work without teleprompters, writing their own scripts and ad-libbing live on camera. This footage is then used by the video department to edit and share with the masses.

Each video is made to suit the social media-dominant world. By putting all the needed information into simple compact videos allows AccuWeather’s content to be widespread and target a wide audience.

Forecaster Predicts Above-Average Hurricane Season

~ by Michael Binni

It appears hurricane season will be more intense than last year, despite early predictions that there would be a limit of hurricane storms due to the warming of temperatures in the tropical Pacific.

This routine event is called El Niño, and it can range anywhere from several months to two years.

New data has shown the temperatures along the Pacific will not be warm enough for an El Niño to occur during the hurricane season. In other words, instead of the normal hurricane weather, the hurricanes could be increasingly heightened throughout the season.

Dan Kottlowski, an senior hurricane forecaster at AccuWeather who has over 40 years of experience in meteorology, predicts “there will be between 11 and 15 named storms, six to nine hurricanes, three to four major hurricanes, three to four direct impacts and an increase in activity.”

Kottlowski also said the areas of the United States that is most vulnerable to hurricanes are the Gulf of Mexico and Florida. Although, he recommends anyone who lives on the coast should always be prepared for the worst.

The lack of an El Niño during hurricane season could possibly affect the winter. However, the impact will mostly be felt in the tropics.

The reason El Niño is not occurring as predicted, Kottlowski said, is the oceans are warmer and the sea level is higher. In addition, the vertical wind sheer has decreased.

Kottlowski advises being aware of the evacuation zone and to nail things to the ground that could possibly be lifted by a storm.

Above all, his best advice is pretty simple.

“Have a hurricane plan,” Kottlowski said.

How to Hurry from a Hurricane

~ by Braedyn Speight and Anjelica Rubin 

People often forget the importance of planning beforehand. In the case of a natural disaster, a pre-thought out plan can be the difference between survival and losing everything.

It is uncertain the extent of damage a hurricane can cause until the day it hits a home. However, AccuWeather has myriad helpful tips to help people create an emergency plan.

“Check weather.gov because we have partnered with them,” Dan Kottlowski said.

Dan Kottlowski presents information on hurricanes during a press conference at the AccuWeather headquarters in State College, Pennsylvania. (Photo by Braedyn Speight )

Kottlowski is a senior hurricane forecaster at the AccuWeather headquarters in State College, Pennsylvania, and has years of experience studying hurricanes and their unusual weather patterns.

It is vital to understand the severity of a storm in your area when making hurricane plans, as there are multiple hazards to stay updated on when a hurricane warning is active.

Storm surges are usually present when there is a hurricane in the area. As the leading cause of deaths in both inland and coastal areas, surges can cause large battering waves.

Flooding is particularly dangerous because it can last for days after a hurricane is over, causing immense structural damage to buildings. Inlanders have reason for caution because the rain causing the winds can travel hundreds of miles inward.

AccuWeather has a tropical storm center located on their website to make it easier for people to track the expected storms. It is extremely beneficial to know the different levels of a hurricane and how they are displayed on a map.

The most severe hurricane is rated as a Category 5, which is wind speeds greater than 150 miles per hour. The more serious the hurricane becomes, the more red there will be on the map.

Another easy way to prevent dangerous situations from becoming a reality is by creating a hurricane plan. It is essential to create one’s plan beforehand, and not days before a storm warning is in effect.

Evacuation is crucial when a home is no longer a safe environment. There are four useful steps when faced with challenges relating to hurricanes: pre-planning on what to bring, how to cover houses, where to go, and mode of transportation are steps that need valuable time and consideration.

“People should have a plan as usual, but it’s more important in a situation like this,” Kottlowski said.

Artists on Children and Youth Day of Arts Fest return after successful past years

~ by Anjelica Rubin

While adults control the merchandise of Arts Fest for the majority of the five-day event, the first day is all for the kids. Numerous young individuals from all over the county show off their work and hope to come back the following year.

Ezra Raupach-Learn demonstrates how he creates his spray painted works. (Photo by Angelica Rubin)

At just 16 years old, Ezra Raupach-Learn, Drew Spielvogel and Rachel Stuber are three of many who have returned to their booths for Children and Youth Day.

Raupach-Learn is a five-year veteran and sells paintings of spray-painted planets each year.

“I can’t remember a life without it,” Raupach-Learn said. “I’ve been doing art for — well, for forever. Arts Fest has been an important factor in helping expand my portfolio while interacting with spectators and artists alike.”

Ezra Raupach-Learn’s mini spray paintings of planets and stars. (Photo by Angelica Rubin)

Though his paintings only take five to 10 minutes, his collection of 88 spray-painted works shown at his tent take time, dedication and a lot of pre-work.

“I have fun with it, though,” he said. “Each year, I take pleasure in seeing the final project completed, and I have even more fun selling and talking to anyone who walks by.”

Spielvogel is no stranger to kids day either. A three-year participant at Arts Fest makes this time of the year his priority.

Drew Spielvogel standing aside some of his black and white drawings. (Photo by Angelica Rubin)

As an artist, Spielvogel has decided to focus his work around drawings and sketches that sell on printed postcards and canvases. His booth is rarely left empty, as many swarm to his table in response to the talent that is shown.

“It’s a little intimidating, but you get used to it,” Spielvogel said.

At one point, drawing wasn’t even a thought in his mind. Having done digital art in years past, Spielvogel didn’t think a casual drawing over Christmas break would help his passion for sketching begin to develop.

Spielvogel and his mom (left) observe the crowds during a break in business. (Photo by Angelica Rubin)

On what he would do if he never found his passion, we may never know, but that’s a world Spielvogel doesn’t want to live in.

“Art is my life,” he said.

Stuber has also been participating in Arts Fest since she was young, but each year she creates work that’s different from years past, while still keeping the same amount of pieces — 20 to 30 on average.

Rachel Stuber’s printmaking pieces on side display. (Photo by Angelica Rubin)

“I’ve been coming back each year since I’ve been nine,” Stuber said. “So, yes, I love the festival and the atmosphere it brings to the State College area. I also get to meet cool artists I might not meet on a regular basis.”

On preparation for the event, Stuber acknowledges the amount of work it takes to successfully make pieces the public will enjoy and buy.

“I know it’s probably bad, but I do all my preparation and work so last minute,” said Stuber, who completed her work at the end of last week. “The hours that are put in are stressful but so very rewarding when people see, respect and buy what you’ve created.”

Rachel Stuber greets a costumer as she admires her work. (Photo by Angelica Rubin)

The Role of Google Analytics at AccuWeather

~ by Sierra Woelfel

Google Analytics, one of Google’s most useful tools for any web content developer, is one of the lesser used services from Alphabet Inc. With 30 to 50 million users, it’s small in comparison to Gmail’s 900 million unique users, but it still plays an important role in the vitality of many websites.

But what does Google Analytics do for companies such as AccuWeather?

The general goal of Google Analytics is to let web developers learn more about their users, such as how often individual users come back to the site and the demographics of their users.

This information, as well as their users interests, location, and gender, can help developers, like AccuWeather choose how to produce new content for their websites, based around data and statistics. But, on a more basic level, Google Analytics allows websites to see what their users looked up to find them.

Additionally, data about users’ interests can assist in advertisement.

Knowing that 5 percent of the users on a website are “movie lovers” can help a website by telling them to start advertising on other websites and outlets that relate to movies. Allowing developers to see the location and language of users can allow a website to reach out to new users.

It can also help in producing more content related to the international community, creating content in other languages, and by making a website more globally friendly.

In reference to Google Analytics, AccuWeather Digital Content Manager Megan Mussoline said she uses it to gauge interest in various stories AccuWeather publishes on the web.

“It’s a very useful tool,” she said.

Aspiring Artists

~ by Sydney Sterling and Meredith Bushman

Even though the 2017 Children and Youth Sidewalk Sale of the Central Pennsylvania Festival of the Arts began with rain showers, the day still allowed for viewing and meeting young aspiring artists. After talking to four different vendors, it became apparent that people come from many different places in hopes of selling their merchandise and getting the word out about their companies.

For one Penn State graduate student, the sky’s not the limit

Astronaut candidate and Penn State grad student Zena Cardman speaks about some of her early research experiences that led to her acceptance into NASA’s astronaut training program. (Photo by Will Yurman)

~ by Multimedia Journalism Camp  

Throughout high school, Zena Cardman always believed she would grow up to be a novelist.

“I never wanted to be an astronaut like other kids,” Cardman said.

However, her interests have now shifted dramatically. After a year-long selection process with more than 18,000 applicants, the 29-year-old Penn State graduate student was named one of 12 new NASA astronaut candidates.

Testing the waters

Cardman focused on her passion for English classes until her experiences during her junior year of high school led her to pursue a biology major at the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill. During her college years, Cardman worked for the Palmer LTER research facility, a small base located in Antarctica. Her research included finding springs covered in “slimy” bacteria.

Cardman also ventured to Honolulu, Hawaii, with her research group to study lava and hardened volcanic sediments for microorganisms and microbes. Her findings helped her understand how life thrives in harsh environments similar to Mars. Despite traveling to popular vacation destinations, Cardman said her favorite place was probably the Arctic or the sailboat she worked on.

She spent time on the SSV Robert Seamans as an assistant engineer for NASA. Working in a team, spending time in small spaces and fixing things on the fly all helped prepare her for current astronaut training.

Cardman had to “dig deep” during some of her expeditions in caves, which allowed her to understand how some microbes would be able to thrive in Mars-like environments.

With her summer internships at NASA from 2008 to 2015, Cardman had the opportunity to experience analog missions, such as the Pavilion Lake Research Project in 2008 and BASALT in 2016. Cardman was awarded the NASA Ames Honor Award for her teamwork during the Pavilion Project, as well as the NSF Graduate Research Fellowship.

Astronaut candidate and Penn State grad student Zena Cardman. (Photo by Will Yurman)

‘Go for it’

Due to the relatively light base requirements, the initial pool of applicants was the largest in space exploration history — 18,354.

In order to be considered for the position, Cardman only needed to fulfill three requirements: A degree in a STEM field, three years of experience or 1,000 hours of flight, and passing an astronaut physical exam. She vividly remembers this lengthy and anxious period similar to that of “radio silence.”

After several rounds of cutoffs, the remaining applicants were then called down to Houston for interviews and both physical and psychological evaluations.

Throughout the process, she remained optimistic.

“Even if the ultimate result was no,” Cardman said, adding that her advice to anyone interested in applying is to “go for it.”

On May 25, around 11 a.m., Cardman received her call — she was an astronaut candidate.

NASA introduces Cardman at a ceremony for new NASA recruits

Blasting into the future

The next years of Cardman’s life will be spent in Houston at the Johnson Space Center. She said astronaut training will be similar to going back to school, especially since she has to learn how to speak Russian. One of the major differences, however, is the experience will be hands-on.

She will finish her candidacy with extensive training in NASA’s Neutral Buoyancy Lab (NBL) and Active Response Gravity Offload System (ARGOS).

Among other abilities, Cardman will have training in suborbital flight, mission control systems and advanced problem solving.

She will be training as a candidate for the next two years, but her trip to space could occur any time after that.

“Most people wait four to five years, but someone in (the class of) 2013 has already been in space,” Cardman said.

With her background in microbiology and her study of non-photosynthetic-reliant organisms living in “inhospitable” places, she is interested in the notion of extraterrestrial life and how life is sustained. She hopes there is life other than life on earth in the universe but predicts “it’s probably just micro-organisms.”

When she travels to space in the future, Cardman will face multiple personal and physical challenges, ranging from dealing with the distance from family and friends to the effects of bone density loss and space radiation.

“If I can help us better understand those (physical) phenomena,” she said, “I will be very happy.”

Cardman added that it’s important to find a work-life balance.

“You have to be conscious of how much time you spend working,” Cardman said. “It’s harder when you have a job and a family.”

Cardman always manages to keep her friends close, adding that “a lot of my co-workers are friends of mine as well.”

While waiting for her life changing call, her close friend supported her by whipping up breakfast tacos and watching “Apollo 13.”

This eventual call turned into an acceptance into the astronaut training program, leaving her awestruck.

Now — realizing her path in life is to be an astronaut — she can debunk her brother’s “one-way ticket to Mars” theory and can now proudly boast her future aspirations.

While she prepares for her mission to the cosmos, her Penn State education will be on hold, albeit with a pretty good excuse.

“I will come back to it later,” Cardman said, emphasizing her NASA appointment is “a job for life, if you so choose.”

Her academic future might not be written in the stars, but Cardman maintains that one thing is for certain.

“I know what I’m going to be when I grow up.”

 

2017 NASA Astronaut Candidate – Zena Cardman. Photo Date: June 6, 2017. Location: Ellington Field – Hangar 276, Tarmac. Photographer: Robert Markowitz

 

 

‘Field to Front’ exhibit honors student-athletes who served in The Great War

By Angel Zheng

When the United States entered World War I, over 200 former Penn State student-athletes joined either the military or service organizations, playing important roles both at home and overseas.

A century later, the Penn State All-Sports Museum opened an exhibit called “Field to Front: Nittany Lions at War” with the mission of honoring those who fought in battle and recounting the story of their triumphs and sacrifices.

The exhibit “Field to Front: Nittany Lions at War” features a variety of photography, letters and diaries to provide visitors with a firsthand experience of service provided by notable Penn State student-athletes. (Photo by Runyi You)

Ken Hickman, the museum’s director, said there was about a year’s worth of research put into the project prior to the grand opening.

“We are always looking for places where the stories of student-athletes intersect broader events,” he said. Since the centennial of the American entry into WWI occurred in April 2017, Hickman believes it was a good time to bring these stories forward.

“Two of the former athletes who died in France have always been represented by a bronze plaque in Rec Hall,” Hickman said, “and one of them, Levi (Lorenzo) Lamb, has had his name on our annual fund for about 60 years.”

Levi Lamb was the first Penn State three-sport letterman killed in action during WWI. (Photo by Runyi You)

Lamb, who graduated in 1915, participated in Penn State football, wrestling and track. He became Penn State’s first three-sport letterman killed in action during WWI. Later in 1952, the university’s first athletic scholarship fund was named after Lamb. The fund provides over $9 million annually to both male and female student-athletes.

For years, people have contributed to the Levi Lamb Fund, but it seems few knew who he was. Hickman saw the opening of “Field to Front” as “a great opportunity to educate people about Lamb along with other student-athletes who served in WWI.”

Hickman said WWI seems “to fall through the cracks,” compared to other wars in the public’s more recent memory.

“I hope we can educate folks about the American involvement during war,” he said, “as well as what the conflict was about.”

Blue Band: the ‘heartbeat of student spirit,’ says Blue Band alumnus

 ~ by Anjelica Rubin

One showcase at the Penn State All-Sports Museum is different than the others.

The museum’s first floor showcases a large picture of the Penn State Marching Band during one of its many performances, surrounded by pictures of historic moments as well as a drum major uniform worn from 1965-68.

“It’s an honor to be a member,” said Jack Welesco, Class of 1964 and six-year volunteer at the All-Sports Museum. “This band really creates the enthusiasm and forms the atmosphere not only at home games but also at away and bowl games.”

Though not an athletic program, the Blue Band — founded in 1899 — has become an essential part of the game-day experience, as members perform in an atmosphere of up to 106, 572 spectators at a sold-out Beaver Stadium.

Blue Band alumnus Andy Colwell (trombone), Class of 2011, a freelance independent photojournalist and videographer in Denver, Colorado, said he was included in a group of 200 musicians who auditioned for about 30 to 40 spots.

“I had no idea what I was really getting myself into,” Colwell said. The long hours, grueling practices and training are challenging but rewarding at the same time.”

Penn State’s Blue Band. (Photo by Andy Colwell)

But of the 320 members – including 270 instrumentalists, 32 silks, 14 majorettes, one feature twirler, and one drum major – their commitment does not go unnoticed. Ken Hickman, the director of the All-Sports Museum, understands the time guarantee and skill needed due to the competitive nature of which the program prides itself.

Welesco recognizes the sacrifices Blue Band members must make if willing to take on a “public role” at Penn State, saying it’s almost like a sports program.

Members have to prove themselves each year if they want to secure their position. The program holds auditions for members, new and old, each summer.

“Just because you’re in the band one year does not automatically guarantee your spot the following year,” Hickman said.

But it did for Colwell. His weekly life from 2007-10 consisted of practices every week for an average of 12 hours, all leading up to pregame, halftime, and celebrations after successful game days.

“We [Blue Band] had a reputation to uphold, being apart of student life and its activities, like THON and the homecoming parade,” Colwell said. “We were as much a part of the Penn State experience as the players. Hopefully our legacy will continue in that way for many more years to come.”

Sensory Scene

~ by Sierra Woelfel

Children sell disability-friendly toys at Arts Fest

Slime and fidget spinners are a common sight at Children and Youth Day at theCentral Pennsylvania Festival of the Arts. But many don’t know these mainstream toys were originally created for those with disabilities.

Sensory toys are a completely new category of mainstream toys. Playing with an object that has various sensory details can help those with autism, attention deficit disorder and anxiety relax. This can include chewing on a silicone pencil topper, the feeling of wearing weighted clothing or playing in a personal pit of plastic balls.

Although these toys are targeted toward people who have difficulty focusing or controlling their behavior, many of the toys have made it into the mainstream, such as fidget spinners, squishy-soft foam cakes, and clear, sticky, glittery slime. Available mostly on platforms such as Etsy or other online stores, some have made it into the mainstream, and kids recognize the market behind these entertaining, good-for-everyone toys.

Ava, with one of her creations at Arts Fest. (Photo by Sierra Woelfel)

At one booth, Ava sells foam baked-goods for people of all ages. She creates them by molding polyurethane into different shapes, such as a rectangular pyramid for cake, and round cylinders with a hole cut in the middle for doughnuts. She then paints them in fun colors, such as her rainbow layered cake with chocolate icing, and heart patterns on doughnuts.

Ava, the sole artist in her company, decided to make “squishies” after seeing them online and collecting them. She is considering opening an online store to expand her audience.

Sapphire, 12 and Grace, 11, pose at their stand with their slimes. (Photo by Sierra Woelfel)

In another location in the market – and at Arts Fest – are the Silly Slime Sisters – Grace, 11, and Sapphire, 12. They sell many types of slime, ranging from simple, clear slime to pink and black galaxy slime and chunky, green “barf” slime.

But the most unusual is probably the “floam” slime, an opaque slime with small Styrofoam balls inside. In one’s hands, all slime feels sticky, like tacky glue, at first, but the more one plays with it, the less sticky and more smooth it gets.

Grace and Sapphire started thinking of selling their slime in about May or June, after Sapphire taught Grace how to make it. After Grace learned, she suggested that they sell it at Arts Fest, where a two-ounce jar of slime is $3.

Children turn magic into real-life toys at Arts Fest

By Kate Eliou

Creators at Arts Fest often tap into current trends to appeal to the public while also adding their own personal twist by selling items like origami fidget spinners or glow-in-the-dark, homemade slime. Sometimes, these junior creators are inspired by the whimsical worlds that books pull them into, especially magical books.

A girl and her mother customize their own Fairy Garden at 9-year-old Anna’s Arts Fest booth. (Photo by Kate Eliou)

In the middle of the fair, spectators will find a “Build Your Own Fairy Garden” station, run by 9-year-old Anna.

At the booth, visitors are taken through a step-by-step process where they are able to create their own small garden, which features gemstones, flowers and mushrooms — all held within a basket. Customers are able to pick their own fairy, constructed by Anna.

The steps to making your very own Fairy Garden at 9-year-old Anna’s Arts Fest booth. (Photo by Kate Eliou)

Collecting old clothes pins and decorating them with sequins and fabric flowers, Anna and her grandparents make a variety of fairies for a garden, each with a different outfit to give them distinct personality.

For her first Arts Fest booth, she drew inspiration from the “Rainbow Magic Fairies” book series, written by Daisy Meadows. She was able to pull the magic from within the pages and bring it to life.

Another popular story that struck a chord with many at Arts Fest was “Harry Potter.” Among them was Ye Olde Wand Shop, manned by friends Ellie and Joe, both 13 years old, who used their love of the wizarding book series to build their own wand shop.

To create them, they wrap hot glue strands around a stick to give it a certain texture and then decorate them with several coats of metallic paint. The wands are then sorted by “core,” the magical item within each Harry Potter wand that gives the wand particular qualities. Joe said these cores include unicorn hairs and phoenix feathers, each with their own meaning.

Visitors at Arts Fest browses the merchandise at Ye Olde Wand Shop. (Photo by Kate Eliou)

The wand stand also sells small clay charms of magical creatures, each designed and sculpted by the pair of shop owners. These allow Ellie and Joe to bring to life the magical animals described in JK Rowling’s work.

“I grew up with Harry Potter,” Ellie said. “My older sister would read them to me when I was a kid, and it stuck with me.”

Sisters Mika, 15, Asher, 13, and Eden, 9, down just a short distance from Ellie and Joe, also have a special place in their hearts for the “Harry Potter” series.

Homemade Pigmy Puffs are on display at the “Emporium of Witch Craft and Wizardry” booth at Arts Fest. (Photo by Kate Eliou)

At the booth of the first-time owners of the Emporium of Witchcraft and Wizardry, they sell wand-themed pencils and homemade Pygmy Puffs, creatures that can be found in the series.

The trio described a strong affection for the books, saying they were excited to be able to use something they love to create for their neighborhood.

Pride and Prestige — A Penn State Tradition

~ by Meredith Bushman

“There’s a certain breed that goes to Penn State. It’s great to be part of … the tradition. We had a team … You come in as a freshman and immediately have 30 friends.”

~ Olympic Diver Mary Ellen Clark ’85, Town and Gown, February 1993


One of Penn State’s selling points is the success of its athletics program, inspiring students and faculty to diligently strive to maintain its international representation.

Penn State’s famous slogan extends well beyond sports at the university. (Photo by Meredith Bushman)

The words ‘We Are’ represent more than a cheer echoing from the stands of Beaver Stadium. The student-athletes embody this attitude, with a multitude of awards and achievements that have been obtained since the opening of the university over a century ago. These accomplishments are showcased at the All-Sports Museum, located in Beaver Stadium.

Over the course of Penn State Athletics history,  teams have won 77 national championship titles, and 110 students have become Olympians. Among them is bronze medal diver Mary Ellen Clark.

Clark came to Penn State to earn her bachelor’s degree in health and physical education and left with two bronze medals in 10-meter diving, one from the 1992 Barcelona Olympics, and the other from the 1996 Atlanta games. She was also voted one of the top 10 female athletes in the country by the United States Olympic Committee.

It may come as a surprise to some that the Penn State team with the most championships is fencing. The program began in 1990, and in only 27 years it has won 13 national titles and produced 16 Olympic athletes.

In his 37 years of coaching men’s gymnastics, Gene Wettstone led the program to nine national championships. His ceaseless dedication to the sport landed him a spot in the United States Gymnastics Hall of Fame in 1963.

A statue of the Nittany Lion at the Penn State All-Sports Museum. (Photo by Meredith Bushman)

John Fritz is a former Penn State wrestler who came back to the team – this time as a coach. He was head coach for only five years (1993-98), but in that time, he coached the only Penn State wrestling team to go undefeated since 1974. His coaching career ended on a high note when he was named the 1998 Big Ten Coach of the Year.

In 162 years, Penn State has been able to turn the simple words ‘We Are’ into a saying that brings to mind the successes of Nittany Lion athletes, from Olympians to head coaches.

The Chopping Block

Three Penn State three teams that no longer exist

~ by Erykah Joseph

Photographs by: Amirah Johnson

Many Penn State sports enjoy long, rich histories – the university has 77 recognized championships – but some have been pulled from that spotlight and discontinued for good.

Beginning in 1915, the boxing program was the No. 1 varsity club sport at the university before it became sanctioned in 1928.

Under coach Leo Houck, the men’s team won five national championships. Even after that success, the program was discontinued.

Penn State’s boxing team featured on the Penn State’s Sports timeline at the All-Sports Museum. (Photo by Amirah Johnson)

“Boxing was a philosophical decision by the NCAA in the early 1950s,” said Ken Hickman, executive director at the Penn State All-Sports Museum. “What it really boiled down to was the risk of injury.”

Hickman said the university kept the program, even though boxing was not the way they wanted college sports to be represented, because it was one of the original sports. Although there is still a boxing club, it will never reappear as an NCAA sport.

Bowling was a short-lived NCAA sport as well. The team made it to Division One in 1968.

An excerpt from the All Sports Museum’s bowling section. (Photo by Amirah Johnson)

Coaches Margot Beldon and Don Ferrell led both the male and female teams to 30 wins and only three losses, along with six conference titles, from 1972-76. But similar to the boxing program the sport was eventually dropped.

Rifling joined boxing and bowling on the chopping block in 2000. Starting in 1922 from the World War 1 training corp, men’s rifling started creating a name for itself. Richard Gogolkiewiez set an average record score of 278 out of 300 in 1963.

 

The museum features a replica of a rifle that was used for the sport. (Photo by Amirah Johnson)

Mary Stohr continued the success by winning the Pennsylvania Women’s Position Championship for target shooting in 1986. Glenn Dubis earned an honorable All-American mention in 1979 and won the world championships in 1986. Rifling had data good enough to boost Penn State’s sports achievements along with boxing and bowling but, like those teams, eventually faced the chopping block and was discontinued.

“Bowling and rifling are a lot less interesting,” Hickman said, “so that was more of a budget issue.”

The ‘Neat’-any Lion: Penn State’s mascot conjures unique sense of place

By Mareena Emran

From one-handed push-ups to attending up to several games a night, five days a week, the Penn State Nittany Lion has a long and hectic life.

The Nittany Lion can be seen on the front side of the Beaver Stadium. (Photo by Mareena Emran)

Since the mascot’s upbringing in 1904, it has greatly impacted the school’s spirit and etched itself into the history of Pennsylvania.

The first official appearance of the Nittany Lion was on Oct. 28, 1922, when Penn State played Syracuse at the New York polo grounds. But the image of the Nittany Lion has changed numerous times since its first game.

The body of the Nittany Lion is one of the most famous attractions at the Penn State All-Sports Museum. (Photo by Mareena Emran)

“Up until the 1920s, the representation was more of a mountain lion look,” said Ken Hickman, director at the Penn State All-Sports Museum.

“There’s a period in the 20s where it was more of an African Lion. There was a little bit of resurgence of that in the 60s, but it’s the mascot you see today that has stuck around for about 40 to 45 years.”

In more recent tradition, the Nittany Lion does one-handed push-ups for every point scored in a game. The strenuous push-ups are required during tryouts for the mascot — even up to 100, Hickman estimated.

In more recent tradition, the Nittany Lion does one-handed push-ups for every point scored in a game. (Photo by Mareena Emran)

The identities of the mascot are kept undisclosed until the student’s last home football game of his or her senior year.

It all started with Richard Hoffman, the first mascot, in the early 1920s. Jack Davis served as the most recent mascot during the 2016-17 year.

Since 1942, the Heintz Warneke Nittany Sculpture has stood outside the Penn State Recreational Center (Rec Hall) on campus. A common practice of the students is to rub the ear of the statue for good luck on a dismal day.

The idea began during the mascot-less Penn State vs. Princeton baseball game in the early 1900s. The Princeton Tiger drove Penn State third baseman Joe Mason into exasperation after Princeton wouldn’t stop throwing its mascot in his face at the game.

The Nittany Lion is an icon around State College, Pennsylvania. (Photo by Mareena Emran)

Mason was able to find a solution to the predicament by pitching the idea of the Nittany Lion, using the name of Mt. Nittany and the lions that once roamed Pennsylvania until their extinction in 1880.

The mascot’s name is unique to Penn State and cannot be duplicated due to the fact that Mason used items specific to the location of the school. The mascot itself was never voted on by students or faculty, but eventually became a hit due to how distinct the character is.

“I’m a little amazed that he was able to think so quickly on his feet,” Hickman said. “But he more or less found a fly and conceived the entire notion of the Nittany lion.”

All seats in Beaver Stadium are marked with a name of a contributor to the stadium and a Nittany Lion. (Photo by Mareena Emran)

Winning women: Penn State female athletes have rich history of ‘breaking down boundaries’

By Braedyn Speight

It is widely known that the number 13 can be bring bad luck for those associated with it. Kelly Mazzante managed to give a good name to the number as a former Lady Lion on the women’s basketball team. She is just one of a myriad of successful female athletes to come out of the university.

Kelly Mazzante’s Lady Lions jersey. Mazzante shattered both the men’s and women’s shooting record for basketball at Penn State and in the Big Ten. Her number was retired on Dec. 29, 2004. (Photo by Braedyn Speight)

The university first brought nine women’s teams to the school in the 1964-65 academic year after the athletic board recognized a need and desire throughout campus.

“We were way out in front of the rest of the country,” said Ken Hickman, director of the Penn State All-Sports Museum.

The original athletic programs for women were basketball, field hockey, golf, rifle and tennis, among others. They started by women first playing intramural sports — games against teams from their own school. Eventually, the sports rose to the Division-I level.

Some women could not wait for the school to institute varsity women’s sports, and their passion led them to seek a place on men’s sports teams. Dorothy “Dot” Anderson was the first woman to play with men in 1935 and the first woman to earn her varsity letter in the university’s history.

A basketball that can be found in the All- Sports Museum with Kelly Mazzante’s acheivements during her time as a Lady Lion. (Photo by Braedyn Speight)

“We were at the forefront of breaking down boundaries,” Hickman said.

Kelly Mazzante is a prime example of “breaking down boundaries” by shattering both the men’s and women’s shooting record for basketball at Penn State and in the Big Ten with 2,919 points in four seasons. She graduated as the leading scorer in 2004.

A plaque awarded to the best female athlete at Penn State. (Photo by Braedyn Speight)

Today, Penn State has been greatly rewarded by its decision to introduce women’s sports over 50 years ago. The soccer team has brought home 18 championship trophies out of the 22 Big Ten Championships that it has attended since 1994.

Penn State Football

~ by Sydney Sterling

Ken Hickman, the director of the All-Sports Museum, sums up Penn State football in the 70s and today. Hickman highlights the team’s greatest achievements and bowl games, while also explaining the plan for the renovations to Beaver Stadium, to make more comfortable seating for the thousands of screaming Penn State fans.

 

Fencing: a faceless yet storied fame

By Sierra Woelfel

The spotlight glares down at a man dressed in a mask, which covers his face. His hands hold a sword of sorts. On the other side of the arena stands another man in similar dress.

They are representing fencing, a sport that’s been around since swords were invented.

A vintage Penn State fencing suit is on display a the Penn State All-Sports Museum. (Photo by Sierra Woelfel)

Under the coaching of Emmanuil Kaidanov, the program has won 12 championships, plus one more under current head coach Wes Glon, who has been part of the coaching staff for 30 years. This means Penn State has won just over 48 percent of the NCAA Championships since 1990.

One prolific age of Penn State fencing came to a close in 2013 after Kaidanov’s 31 years of coaching the team. The team has only won one NCAA Championship since — in 2014 — but as of July, Penn State ranks No. 4 in the NCAA in fencing with 114 points.

Penn State’s program has a rich past and a future yet to be determined, but the global sport has a long history beyond the Pennsylvania campus.

The sport began with Domenico Angelo, who died in 1802. Angelo taught the art of swordsmanship not only for fighting, but also for sport. He taught the aristocrats of London how to fight, eventually teaching members of the royal family the art. He was, in all senses, the founder of modern fencing, and his methods are still used today.

Fast forward 90 years to the first Olympic Games, where competitors from France, Greece, Austria-Hungary and Denmark competed to get the three gold medals. Greece won overall, with two gold medals in the Master’s Foil and Sabre, while France won the gold in Foil. The first Olympiad had only 43 events, compared to the more than 400 events today.

“En Garde,” the man says. “Êtes-vous prêts? Allez!”

Clink, clink, clink. The swords hit each other, like knights fighting, as the Russian man pulls a corps-à-corps — or touches the opponent with his body — and hits the American’s arm with the sword.

This fast-paced action is what interests people in this ancient sport, along with the thrill of feeling in control of a “weapon.”

Penn State baseball continues to make history after 130 years despite not being a ‘baseball powerhouse’

~ by Andre Magaro and Emilio Nunez

            The athletics at Penn State are some of the most storied in the country, claiming roughly 70 national championships. However, they originated with one of only a few sports the university is not renowned for — baseball.

The game that is referred to as “America’s Pastime” has been played at Penn State since 1886, but outside of a brief spell of success between the 1950s and 1970s and a conference title in 1996, the program has failed to stack up against the winning customs set by many other sports, such as football and wrestling.

“We’re not what you call a baseball powerhouse,” said Jack Welsco, a longtime Penn State sports fan and employee of the All-Sports Museum. “Penn State’s geographic makes it very cold in the spring.”

The weather can be an impediment to competing with recruiting and practice regimens of teams in the south. Although, such factors have not limited Penn State from making history.

The All-Sports Museum documents a 2015 trip the team took to Cuba, allowing it to become the first American baseball team to compete in multiple exhibitions against teams in the Cuban National Series.

The Penn State baseball team participates in a pregame flag ceremony with Cuba’s Industriales before competing in the Latin American Stadium in Havana, Cuba. / Photo by Kelsie Netzer

“[Dr. John S Nichols] helped lead the group into Cuba,” Welsco said, adding Nichols had connections within the island.

The expedition was finalized through a partnership between Centro de Estudios Martianos [Center for Marti Studies] in Havana, Penn State baseball, and the University Office of Global Programs. The team spent its ensuing Thanksgiving break on the island of Cuba, at a crucial time of renewed relations between the island and the United States.

The players attended events to learn about the Cuban culture, heard lectures from the island’s leading scholars, visited historical sites and ventured out beyond the tourist site Havana to learn about life throughout the island.

The players were received wonderfully by the Cuban people. Children on the island often greeted the Penn State athletes, asking them for hats and balls, among other equipment.

Penn State second baseman Conlin Hughes (2) warms up in the on-deck circle during the top of the seventh inning against the Industriales at the Latin America Stadium. / Photo by Cameron Hart

Pitcher Tim Scholly took special note of how the island’s youth looked up to him and his teammates.

“Seeing the look on a kid’s face when you give him a ball, t-shirt, a hat, or even a pair of spikes was probably the best experience,” Scholly told Penn State. “They got standing ovations everywhere they went.”

Despite the overwhelming hospitality, results did not pan out in the Nittany Lions’ favor. They lost three of the four contests against Matanzas, Industries and Ciego de Avila. Nevertheless, they were victorious against Mayabeque, making them the first American side to defeat National Series opposition.

“That’s a special thing,” coach Rob Cooper told Penn State. “Something they’ll be able to talk about for the rest of their lives.”

The Return of Hockey Valley

By Kate Eliou

This past March, Penn State’s men’s hockey team joined the esteemed group of Big Ten champions, defeating Wisconsin and earning the chance to play in the NCAA tournament.

In just its fifth season, the 2016-17 team became the first Nittany Lions to claim this hockey title, becoming immortalized in Penn State history. However, hockey was almost never a varsity program at the university.

The ice hockey exhibit at Penn State’s All-Sports Museum. (Photo by Kate Eliou)

The history of hockey at Penn State begins in 1909 when the first attempt to add the program to the list of varsity sports was made. While it was incredibly close, the budget for the athletic program was oversold and a choice had to be made about which sports to support at such a high level.

Hockey narrowly lost the vote and hate to wait nearly 30 years to be reintroduced into the conversation.

From 1941 to 1944, there was brief period of varsity hockey at Penn State.

Ken Hickman, director of the Penn State All-Sports Museum, said home ice for the team at the time was merely “two flooded tennis courts.” These were unsuitable long-term conditions for a team. Due to issues with the facilities and still-limited resources, the program was forced to shut down, and Penn State hockey became dormant once again for another 30 years.

Hockey reemerged as a club sport at the university in 1971. Through the 70’s and 80’s, the team won various lower-level championships and continued campaigning for the elevation of hockey to a varsity status.

One of the main supporters of this idea was Joe Battista, Penn State’s associate athletic director. He worked many lines in order to get the funds and donations needed to make this program possible. One of those connections was to Terry Pegula, American multi-millionaire and owner of both the Buffalo Sabres and the Buffalo Bills.

Hockey pucks of the first goals scored by former Penn State Hockey player Casey Bailey as shown on display in the Penn State All-Sports Museum. Bailey signed an entry-level contract with the Toronto Maple Leafs in 2015 and became the first Penn State alum to score at the NHL level. (Photo by Kate Eliou)

Pegula donated $88 million to the program, qualifying as the “single largest gift in university history.” This gift revitalized the Penn State hockey program and brought it back to varsity status in 2012.

With this money, the team’s facilities were refurbished and the head coach, Guy Gadowsky, was able to build a fully functioning men’s hockey team. He then led the team to victory at 2017 Big Ten Championship and to play in the NCAA tournament.

Although the team did not see success in the tournament, it is impossible to ignore the great feats of the organization in such a short period of time.

Penn State hockey is not only making waves in the college community but is now breaking into the professional sphere.

Casey Bailey, a Penn State forward and the first player to score a Big Ten goal for the university, signed an entry-level contract with the Toronto Maple Leafs in 2015 and became the first Penn State alum to score at the NHL level.

Coming off a season leading the Big Ten in scoring with 22 goals, Bailey was able to bring the university’s name into the national and professional conversation. He now plays with the Ottawa Senators, continuing to represent Penn State as a man of many firsts.

Casey Bailey’s jersey is displayed at Penn State’s All-Sports Museum. (Photo by Kate Eliou)

Also breaking into the professional world of hockey is goalie Eamon McAdam. The Penn State netminder was the first of his position to earn a spot on the second team with All-Big Ten Honors. He had a career year in the 2015-2016 season, with a best 2.98 GAA and a .913 save percentage. He also topped a university record, having 13 wins on the season.

McAdam then become the second Nittany Lions player to sign a professional contract, agreeing to terms with the New York Islanders in 2016. He has become yet another representative of Penn State in the world of men’s hockey, playing 1 game this season with the Islanders’ American Hockey League affiliate, the Bridgeport Sound Tigers.

The resurgence of hockey at Penn State has been swift and strong. Having earned a championship in just the first five years of existence, the team is already striving for greatness to match the history of its fellow Penn State athletic programs.

From tennis court puddles to the “best facility in college hockey,” according to Hickman, the team has made great strides in making a name for itself on a national level.

“If you had told me we were going to accomplish (this much) so soon, I would’ve said you were nuts,” Hickman said.